The institution rated most corrupt across the whole continent was the police. 'Policing across much of Africa is in crisis. So you get informal police forces in place of the official ones which aren’t doing their job. Vigilante policing provides the protection that the police fail to do,' said Alex Vines.
Alluding to the many different reasons for Cameron's visit, Gareth Price put the visa issue at the top. 'The timing of the announcement that the visa bond is to be scrapped would seem to be linked to the visit. It’s also increasingly obvious that there is a major problem here that threatens to impede positive progress elsewhere, with falling numbers of Indian students to the UK, for instance,' said Price.
While there is little doubt that David Cameron is committed to enhancing relations with India, domestic politics — in both India and the UK — often gets in the way. The divergent approaches of the UK and India towards the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Sri Lanka highlight one of the difficulties in developing a true partnership, writes Gareth Price.
Israel and Saudi Arabia's shared concerns over Iran won't be enough to develop pragmatic ties without Israel defusing the biggest obstacle between them: the Palestinian issue, writes Sir Tom Phillips.
GCC countries face tiny water supplies and desert heat that make agricultural self-sufficiency unsustainable. GCC food imports meanwhile remain vulnerable not just to any trade-disrupting regional conflicts and price shocks, but climate change and what will be Gulf countries’ own increasingly uncertain revenues from oil, says Chatham House.
Nigeria requires more regional help to tackle Boko Haram militants in its restive northeast but the country is likely to have to shoulder most of the burden on its own for now, according to analysts. 'Nigeria is the biggest regional power. The expectation will be that Nigeria resolves its own problem,' said Elizabeth Donnelly.
'The summit's success now depends on what Sri Lanka does next,' said Gareth Price of Chatham House. 'That is one of the justifications used by leaders who are going, that the media is going to shine a spotlight on these issues.'
Finland's diplomatic communications systems has been the target of a massively serious and prolonged cyber-attack, and the attack is likely to have been replicated against other EU and Western countries, according to a report by Keir Giles.
'Saudi Arabia probably has the most discriminatory laws for women but one thing that has become worse in Egypt than Saudi is the number of women in parliament. Under the Mubarak regime there used to be a quota for women but they got rid of it when they had elections,' says Jane Kinninmont.