• Photo: Science Faction/Getty Images.Research paper

    The Arms Trade Treaty’s Interaction with Other Related Agreements

    For the UN Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) to complement and strengthen the landscape of existing instruments effectively, states and implementing bodies need to take steps to reduce the impact of clashes or overlaps, and explore synergies with related instruments and measures.

    Elli Kytömäki
  • Photo: Ed Kashi/National Geographic/Getty Images. Chatham House Briefing

    Business and Human Rights: Emerging Challenges to Consensus and Coherence

    Trends in the regulation of business responsibility for human rights have growing salience for diplomats, policy-makers, business strategists and social activists.

    Dr Jolyon Ford
  • Photo: LYNN BO BO/epa/Corbis. Research paper

    Myanmar’s Troubled Path to Reform: Political Prospects in a Landmark Election Year

    While this year's elections in Myanmar are likely to be the freest in decades, the opportunity for constitutional reform ahead of the polls appears to have been missed.

    Lord Michael Williams of Baglan
  • Photo: Yuri Kadobnov / AFP / Getty Images.Research paper

    Troubled Times: Stagnation, Sanctions and the Prospects for Economic Reform in Russia

    While Russia may have ‘won’ Crimea, and may even succeed in ensuring that Ukraine is not ‘won’ by the West, the price of victory may be a deterioration in long-term prospects for socio-economic development.

    Dr Richard Connolly
  • UN photo by Martine PerretResearch paper

    The Arms Trade Treaty and Human Security: Cross-cutting Benefits of Accession and Implementation

    Beyond restricting arms sales, the UN Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) can generate positive indirect impacts such as poverty reduction, improved health care and educational opportunities.

    Elli Kytömäki
  • Photo by ArabianEye / Getty ImagesChatham House Report

    Future Trends in the Gulf

    The reshaping of relations between citizens and state in the Gulf will be fundamental to the future security of countries in the region and how they relate to Western partners.

    Jane Kinninmont
  • Houthi rebels take security measures with tanks around the parliament in Sanaa, Yemen, on February 16, 2015. Photo by Mohammed Hamoud / Anadolu Agency / Getty Images.Research paper

    Yemen and the Saudi-Iranian 'Cold War'

    The conflict in Yemen is primarily driven by local issues, but the competition between Iran and Saudi Arabia for regional power continues to exacerbate the situation and influence the calculations of both sides.

    Peter Salisbury
  • The World Today

    中国的农村 -- 现在与未来

    中国是传统的农耕国家,在超过十三亿的总人口中,农业户口人数所占比超过64%。虽然拥有世界第三的国土面积,实用性耕地有限,农民人均耕地仅0.19公顷,收入低、地位低、生活艰苦是目前中国绝大部分农民的状态。

    尽管拥有高比例的农业人口,中国的农村依然出现了劳动力短缺的现象。严峻的城乡二元经济结构使得越来越多的劳动力走向城市,农村大量土地闲置,利用率低,与国外规模化种植农业相比,中国农业缺乏竞争优势,科技水平不高,抵抗市场风险能力弱,再加上近年来以水土流失与过度开发为特征的耕地功能弱化与耕地面积锐减现象较为严重,对农业生产的正常发展与国家粮食的战略安全构成了严重的威胁。

    如何正确解读农业、农村、农民问题,寻求中国农业可持续发展的新途径,已经成为中国政府的当务之急。本文仅以中国东西部一区一县为例,简要阐述在当今中国社会的现实条件下,农村发展的问题及应对措施。

    一、中国农村发展存在的问题

    地域之间发展不平衡

    711

    陈 刚, Richard Zheng

  • The World Today

    Tokyo: Can a city have its own foreign policy?

    Tokyo is not just the political capital of Japan. It is home to 13.2 million people - or 10 per cent of the country’s population - and as many as 32 million people if you include the surrounding area. Accounting for 20 per cent of Japan’s gross domestic product, it is the 14th largest economy in the world, ranked between Spain and Mexico. Not surprisingly, Tokyo governors can have a huge impact on the domestic political agenda, with the capacity to mobilize sentiment and to influence national foreign policy as well. 

    711Akio Miyajima
  • The World Today

    Our 70th anniversary: Germany and European Reconstruction

    The World Today, July 1945

    711

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