• A worker walks near a log to be processed at the Okikura Lumber Mill facility, Tokyo, Japan. Photo by Tomohiro Ohsumi / Bloomberg via Getty Images.Research paper

    Trade in Illegal Timber: The Response in Japan

    Japan's legality verification system, known as the goho-wood system, is not only voluntary but has serious design weaknesses which limit its ability to eliminate illegal products from Japan’s market.

    Dr Mari Momii, Independent Environmental Policy Analyst; Lecturer, Atomi University, Japan

  • A worker unloads timber in La Rochelle, western France, after Greenpeace activists climbed on cranes at the harbor to stop the Safmarine Sahara cargo ship from docking and wrote 'illegal timber' on its hull. Photo: XAVIER LEOTY / AFP / Getty Images.Research paper

    Trade in Illegal Timber: The Response in France

    The response by the French government, as well as increased sourcing of sustainably certified products by the private sector, is thought to have been a factor in the decline in imports of timber-sector products likely to be illegal.

    Laura Wellesley
  • The word 'Illegal' is seen on tree trunks as Greenpeace activists demonstrate against the illegal importation of timber. Photo: XAVIER LEOTY / AFP / Getty Images.Research paper

    Trade in Illegal Timber: The Response in the United Kingdom

    The UK has been one of the most proactive European countries in addressing illegal logging and the related trade, and of the five consumer countries studied, it scored highest in the assessment of laws, regulations and policies related to this issue.

    Duncan Brack
  • Uncut lumber sits stacked in the yard at the sawmill of the Doll Lumber Co. in Southington, Ohio, US. Photo by Ty Wright/Bloomberg via Getty Images.Research paper

    Trade in Illegal Timber: The Response in the United States

    Though the Lacey Act is an important piece of legislation for tackling the trade in illegal timber,  its impact on levels of illegal imports into the US is uncertain.

    Dr Mari Momii, Independent Environmental Policy Analyst; Lecturer, Atomi University, Japan

  • Photo: iStockphotoResearch paper

    Trade in Illegal Timber: The Response in the Netherlands

    While the Netherlands has been one of the most proactive European countries in addressing illegal logging and the related trade, a key challenge will be effective enforcement of the EU Timber Regulation given the country’s role as a major conduit for timber to the rest of Europe.

    Duncan Brack
  • A timber company's vehicle driving down a dirt road. Photo by BAY ISMOYO/AFP/Getty Images.Other

    Methodology for Estimating Levels of Illegal Timber- and Paper-sector Imports: Estimates for China, France, Japan, the Netherlands, the UK, the US and Vietnam

    This paper accompanies a series of assessments on China, France, Japan, the Netherlands, the UK, the US and Vietnam, providing details on how the estimates of the level of illegality of imports of wood-based products into those countries were derived.

    Alison Hoare
  • Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, President Hassan Rouhani, Chairman of the Parliament of Iran Ali Larijani and Judiciary Chief Amoli Larijani pray after a meeting in Tehran. Photo by Leader.ir - Pool/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images.Research paper

    How Powerful is Rouhani in the Islamic Republic?

    This paper examines the power balance within the Iranian regime and how powerful President Hassan Rouhani really is within this unique political system.

    Hossein Bastani, Political Analyst, BBC Persian Service

  • iStockphotoResearch paper

    Facing the Flood: How Asia Is Coping With Volatile Capital Flows

    This paper examines how Asian economies are dealing with shifting capital flows between safe and emerging market risk assets under the current ultra-loose monetary conditions.

    Julia Leung
  • IA thumbnailInternational affairs

    The Islamic State, the Kurdistan Region and the future of Iraq: assessing UK policy options

    906

    Gareth Stansfield

  • IA thumbnailInternational affairs

    Syria’s mutating civil war and and its impact on Turkey, Iraq and Iran

    906

    Fred H. Lawson

Pages