Côte d'Ivoire, formerly the most successful economy in West Africa, has been divided between a rebel-held north and loyalist south for five years. A peace deal signed in March has raised hopes for elections and national reunification. Following that accord, the rebel leader became the national Prime Minister.
Key deadlines for the main planks of the peace deal - identification and disarmament - have not been met, however. It is still uncertain whether the opposing sides will manage to put in place a successful identification programme for millions of citizens without identity papers. The identity crisis was the major cause of the war and, without resolution of the issue, rebels may refuse to disarm.
The official dismantling of a UN- and French-controlled "Zone of Confidence" between rebels and loyalists is a significant achievement, but the presence of armed militias in the area means the area is still potentially volatile.