Author: 

Elizabeth Donnelly, Assistant Head,Chatham House Africa Programme

Additional author info: 

Elizabeth Donnelly is Assistant Head of the Chatham House Africa Programme

Federal Republic of Nigeria

Population: 140,000,000 (2006 Census), 170,000,000 (2012 estimate), GDP per Capita:$1,725.00, Official language: English, Capital: Abuja, Largest City: Lagos, Area: 923,768 km2, Independence: From UK, 1 October 1960

The daily bustle in one of the many busy markets in Lagos, yet the proportion of the Nigerian population still living on a dollar a day is 63 per cent. Photo: UIG via Getty Images

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