Demographics, Population and Migration

The Asia-Pacific is home to over 4.5 billion people, nearly 60% of the world’s population.

It is a highly diverse region with seven of the world’s ten most populous countries but also some of its smallest island nations. 

Demographic trends point to a ‘youth bulge’ in countries such as India, but also aging populations, for example, in China, South Korea and Japan. Inequalities need to be addressed to ensure that youth and women have access to education and employment and are able to benefit from, and contribute to, economic growth.

Increased urbanization has also put immense pressure on cities, with implications for city planning, social cohesion and public health. Additionally, migration remains a key trend both within and outside of the region with climate-related migration and forced displacement already a reality.

The Asia-Pacific programme analyses key demographics, population and migration challenges and opportunities across the region in order to provide evidence-based policy analysis and recommendations.