Libya’s Conflict Economy

This fieldwork-based research initiative seeks to map and understand the development of a conflict economy that is undermining peace efforts and fuelling state disintegration in Libya.

Libya suffers from an interlinked political, security and economic crisis that is weakening state institutions, damaging its economy and facilitating the proliferation of non-state armed groups. 

The state’s fragmentation has provided a fertile environment for the development of a pervasive conflict economy which is highly damaging for the future of the state.

As the conflict economy intensifies, the prospects for the restoration of functioning central governance in Libya are becoming more distant, a vicious cycle which is accelerating state failure.

This project aims to understand how the conflict economy has developed, mapping its modalities across the country, undertaking a network analysis of its key actors and investigating the extent to which Libya’s state institutions have been compromised by it.

The project is supported by the Open Society Foundations and the US State Department’s Bureau for Conflict Stabilization Operations.