Richard Lambert is chairman of the board of trustees at the British Museum and chairman of Bloomsbury Publishing.
He spent most of his career at the Financial Times, which he joined after reading history at Balliol College, Oxford.
He was editor of the Lex column, became New York bureau chief, and thereafter deputy editor. He was editor of the paper from 1991 to 2001.
After leaving the FT, he wrote the Lambert Review of Business/University Collaboration for the Government, and was Chancellor of the University of Warwick.
He was an independent member of the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee from 2003 to 2006, and served as director general of the Confederation of British Industry from 2006 to 2011.
He has also served as the senior independent member of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office's Supervisory Board, and as chairman of the Banking Standards Review Council, tasked with raising standards of competence and behaviour in the banking industry.
In 2011 he was knighted for services to business.