A BMP-2 amphibious infantry fighting vehicle moves along a pontoon bridge during Russian military exercises, July 2017. Photo: Yuri Smityuk/Contributor/Getty Images.
Research paper

Russia’s New State Armament Programme: Implications for the Russian Armed Forces and Military Capabilities to 2027

10 May 2018
While Western observers should be prepared to see Russia's armed forces become more capable over the next decade, they should avoid exaggerating the threat posed by these developments.
International Affairs

Martin Wight Memorial Lecture: Trust and distrust in Russia: the heritage of the October revolution re-visited

4 May 2018
People pass by a billboard with an image of Russia's President Vladimir Putin and lettering 'Strong president - Strong Russia' in Saint Petersburg on 12 January 2018. Photo: OLGA MALTSEVA/AFP/Getty Images.
Research paper

Putin and Russia in 2018–24: What Next?

15 March 2018
As 2024 approaches, the question of who or what will replace Putin will come increasingly to the fore. 
Research paper

Russian Policy Across the Middle East: Motivations and Methods

21 February 2018
Engagement with Russia on the situation in the Middle East needs to be accompanied by readiness in the West to defend its own red lines in the region.
International Affairs

Non-western visions of regionalism: China's New Silk Road and Russia's Eurasian Economic Union

1 November 2017
A banner marking the first anniversary of Russia’s illegal annexation of Crimea is hung during a plenary session of Ukraine’s parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, in Kyiv on 6 March 2015. Photo: Anadolu Agency/Contributor/Getty Images.
Chatham House Report

The Struggle for Ukraine

18 October 2017
Four years on from its Euromaidan revolution, Ukraine is fighting for survival as an independent and viable state.
Attendees at the Eurasian Economic Union Summit in Saint Petersburg, Russia, on 26 December 2016. Photo: Mikhail Svetlov/Getty Images.
Research paper

The Eurasian Economic Union: Deals, Rules and the Exercise of Power

2 May 2017
Regardless of its multiple shortcomings, the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) should not be dismissed out of hand. For Russia, it is the primary vehicle for realizing a global geopolitical agenda. 
Dmitry Rogozin, Russia’s deputy prime minister in charge of defence and the space industry, speaks during the presentation of a Russian multipurpose MiG-35 jet fighter at the MiG plant in Lukhovitsy on 27 January 2017. Photo: MARINA LYSTSEVA/AFP/Getty.
Research paper

Russia’s Role as an Arms Exporter: The Strategic and Economic Importance of Arms Exports for Russia

20 March 2017
Russian arms producers must adapt to growing competition in the global arms market and address issues within its domestic arms industry, or it will see its role within the global arms market lessen.
NKR Defence Army soldier carries out normal duties at a post near Martuni as the situation on the line of contact stays relatively calm, 21 May 2016. Photo: Artur Widak/NurPhoto via Getty Images.
Research paper

The Nagorny Karabakh Conflict: Defaulting to War

11 July 2016
Left untended, today’s patterns of international default to the status quo and conflict party default to recursive violence make real the risk of a major regional war.
German Gref of Russia’s Sberbank, Anatoly Aksakov of the Association of Regional Banks of Russia and Deputy Prime Minister Arkady Dvorkovich cooking a dish from Russian food products at Metro Expo 2016. Photo: Sergei Fadeichev/Contributor/Getty Images.
Research paper

Import Substitution and Economic Sovereignty in Russia

9 June 2016
Russia’s dependency on oil and gas exports makes its economic sovereignty fragile and import substitution would reduce this dependency only if it were successful to a degree that seems unlikely.
Russia's top military officials hold a press conference on Syria at the National Defence Control Centre of the Russian Federation in Moscow on 2 December 2015. Photo: VASILY MAXIMOV/AFP/Getty Images.
Research paper

Russian State Mobilization: Moving the Country on to a War Footing

20 May 2016
Western leaders are unable to interpret Russian signals correctly, hence the constant sense of surprise. A more sophisticated understanding of mobilization would help shape more effective policies for dealing with Russia.
A pro-Russian demonstrator shouts slogans during a rally in the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk on 8 March 2014. Photo: Alexander Khudoteply/AFP/Getty Images.
Research paper

Agents of the Russian World: Proxy Groups in the Contested Neighbourhood

14 April 2016
Events in Crimea and Donbas have exposed the supportive role of Russian non-state actors in fomenting conflict.
Young Ukrainians throw snowballs at each other near the Motherland Monument at the Great Patriotic War Memorial Complex in Kyiv, Ukraine on 17 January 2016. Photo: Vladimir Shtanko/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images.
Research paper

Can Ukraine Achieve a Reform Breakthrough?

5 April 2016
The key question is whether Ukrainians themselves can overcome the chief impediment to reform – the capture of the state by a narrow class of wealthy business people and their associates.
Vladimir Putin visits the English-language service of Russia Today, now renamed RT. Photo: Yuri Kochetkov/AFP/Getty Images.
Research paper

Russia’s ‘New’ Tools for Confronting the West: Continuity and Innovation in Moscow’s Exercise of Power

21 March 2016
The basic conflict of interest between Russia and the West means that the West must either invest heavily and for the long term in deterring Russia or abandon the front-line states together with the defence of Western values, writes Keir Giles.
Turkmenistan's commanders-in-chief salute during a military parade during celebrations marking Turkmenistan's Independence Day, in Ashgabat on 27 October 2012. Photo: STR/AFP/Getty Images.
Research paper

Turkmenistan: Power, Politics and Petro-Authoritarianism

8 March 2016
Turkmenistan's petro-authoritarianism is likely to continue to be fuelled by a combination of its large natural gas reserves, small population and steady global demand for natural gas, writes Annette Bohr.
Wind-torn European Union flag on a flag pole. Photo: Olaf Protze/LightRocket via Getty Images.
Research paper

Changing Perceptions of the West in the South Caucasus: Adoration No More

12 February 2016
While perceptions of the West in the South Caucasus have deteriorated, renewed Western interest and engagement could help restore its reputation in the region.
Russian flag. Photo: bopav/iStock by Getty Images.
Research paper

Russia’s Sovereign Globalization: Rise, Fall and Future

6 January 2016
The failure of Russia's experiment with sovereign globalization encourages pessimism about Russia’s prospects but optimism about globalization.
Khyber Pass, the mountain pass linking Pakistan with Afghanistan. Photo by DeAgostini/Getty Images.
Research paper

Regional Implications of Afghanistan’s Transitions: Pakistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan

14 December 2015
It is not the withdrawal of international troops from Afghanistan per se that poses a security risk for its regional neighbours, but rather the lack of an adequate regional security structure.

Russia and the New World Disorder

31 July 2015
Bobo Lo examines the interplay between contemporary Russian foreign policy and a global environment that has rarely been more fluid and uncertain.
Photo: AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko
Chatham House Report

The Russian Challenge

4 June 2015
The West has yet to absorb the full implications of Russia’s descent into authoritarian nationalism. A new report argues Western governments need to think much more deeply about their level of support for Ukraine; how to respond to future crises; and above all, how Russia can be managed over the long term for the greater security of Europe.