Security and Defence 2017
The challenges of changing politics and shifting alliances
Many countries, perhaps most significantly the US, face significant challenges to their established domestic political order, with major implications for their approach to security policy and to international security cooperation. Defence policy is also being questioned, given recent difficult experiences with military intervention in conflict zones. At the same time, popular disaffection with established security and defence norms, new and emerging threats, and new political, economic and technological developments present further challenges for defence and security policy.
But what exactly are the drivers behind these developments, which specific security cooperation arrangements are being called into question and what are the potential alternatives? What are the future challenges in security and defence, and what capabilities are required to meet them?
This conference will bring together policy-makers, industry leaders and academic experts to examine these questions, with discussions focused on:
- Current and emerging challenges in international security
- Significant political transitions and what they mean for defence
- Cooperatively combating terrorism and violent extremism
- The continued effectiveness of international organizations versus bilateral arrangements
- Changing attitudes and their institutional implications
- Cooperation in international defence markets and procurement
The Chatham House Rule
To enable as open a debate as possible, this conference will be held under the Chatham House Rule.
Monday 6 March
Session One | The Changing Landscape for Cooperation
This session will set the scene for the conference, considering the major challenges to existing patterns of international cooperation in security.
- What are public expectations of international security cooperation, and to what extent have they been met? Do elites, experts and the public have similar priorities?
- Are there now major differences between traditional security partners? Are global trends pushing partners in different directions?
- How will the US election result affect potential avenues for cooperation in security and defence?
- Where and how have recent military interventions strengthened or weakened international cooperation?
- What is the impact of continuing economic austerity? How will this continue to impact security policy and capacity?
Session Two | Political Transitions and their Implications
This session will analyse regional political transitions and their implications for future cooperative efforts in international security.
- What are the most significant ongoing global political challenges affecting defence and security? Is there an international wave of populism, and what does this mean for the sector?
- What does Brexit say – if anything – about wider European trends? What is the direction of EU security policy, at both an institutional and national level?
- What does the US election say about public and elite attitudes to security and security cooperation? How similar are the security approaches of the United States to those of its allies?
- What effect will the US election result likely have on its role and approach towards international security?
- How are non-Western powers changing their approaches to cooperation with each other, as well as with Western powers?
Session Three | International Organizations versus Bilateral Agreements
This session will examine changing attitudes towards traditional models and existing arrangements for cooperation and their capacity to meet emerging crises.
- Can NATO change fast and far enough to be effective? Is there a real consensus among members about what needs to be done?
- What is the future for EU defence and security cooperation post-Brexit? What will future relationships with the UK look like?
- How are other regions organizing their security cooperation? What can the transatlantic community learn from them?
- How will the US election result likely effect existing arrangements and the continuing significance of international institutions in defence?
- Are bilateral or multilateral relationships the way forward? Can these work if the US is not one of the partners?
Session Four | Evolving Threats and Violent Extremism
This session will evaluate the nature of emerging and changing threats, the specific capabilities required to meet them and the need for international cooperation to do so.
- How far is there international agreement on the nature and origin of security threats? Do terms such as terrorism and extremism help or hinder cooperation?
- Is there a difference between Western and non-Western perceptions of terrorism? If so, what are the reasons for this?
- Why are states still finding it difficult to cooperate against violent extremism?
- What military capabilities are required to meet evolving threats and modern terrorism? How can states and businesses work together to meet these requirements internationally?
1730 Close of day one and reception
Tuesday 7 March
Session Five | The Future of Military Intervention
This session will explore recent experiences in international military intervention and lessons for future cooperative efforts internationally.
- Who supports military intervention, and for what reasons? How do views differ among intervening powers? What do people in conflict regions want?
- Recent Western interventions have combined national and international efforts. Can this ever be successful?
- How do interventions by non-Western powers differ? Are they more successful? How can Western alliances more effectively cooperate with them?
- Is there a future for military humanitarian intervention? How is this likely to be shaped by past experiences?
Session Six | International Markets and National Procurement in Defence
This session will assess how stakeholders can work together to match capabilities to specific crises in multilateral security environments, and examine opportunities for cooperation in the context of ongoing political shifts.
- How can industry work with governments to match capabilities to threats in multinational and asymmetrical security environments?
- Will national defence interests and priorities diverge, and will there be a return to industrial protectionism? What might this mean for international defence industrial cooperation?
- What is the impact of continuing budgetary austerity? How can regional cooperation help?
- How can governments and industry work together to take advantage of the latest technology trends for security and defence in the perceived absence of long-term budget stability?
1330 End of conference
© The Royal Institute of International Affairs 2017
*Accepted in principle
Professor Dr Sven Biscop
Director, Europe in the World Programme, Egmont - Royal Institute for International Relations
Executive Director, United Nations World Food Programme
Coordinator of Foreign and Security Policy, Konrad Adenauer Foundation
Director General, Head of the Defence Policy Department, Ministry of Defence, Finland
Rt Hon Julian Lewis MP
Chair, Defence Select Committee, United Kingdom
Senior Associate, International Security, German Institute for International and Security Affairs
Adjunct Senior Fellow, Council on Foreign Relations
Head, Alfred von Oppenheim Center for European Policy Studies, German Council on Foreign Relations
Professor of Security Studies, King’s College London
Non-Resident Senior Associate, Carnegie Europe
Head of Policy, International Committee of the Red Cross
Dean, Moscow State Institute for Foreign Affairs
Robert Bosch Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution
Professor Matthew Uttley
Dean of Defence Studies, Kings College London
|Partners and major corporate members|
|Standard corporate members|
|NGOs and academics||£540|
|NGOs and academics||£595|
If you are interested in becoming a sponsor for this event, please contact
Ben Cumming on +44 (0) 20 7957 5729
If you are interested in becoming a media partner for this event, please contact
Amy Smith on +44 (0)20 7957 5755
10 St James's Square
Telephone: +44 (0)20 7314 2785
Fax: +44 (0)20 7957 5710
If you wish to book the venue for your own event please phone +44 (0)20 7314 2764
The nearest tube station is Piccadilly Circus which is on the Piccadilly and the Bakerloo Underground lines. From Piccadilly follow Regent Street southwards towards Pall Mall and take the first road on the right called Jermyn Street. Duke of York Street is the second road on the left and leads to St James's Square. Chatham House is immediately on your right.
Although we cannot book accommodation for delegates, we have arranged a reduced rate at some nearby hotels, where you can book your own accommodation. Please inform the hotel that you will be attending a conference at Chatham House (The Royal Institute of International Affairs) to qualify for the Institute's reduced rate.
Please note all rates are subject to availability.
Half Moon Street
London - W1J 7BH
Tel: + 44 (0)20 7499 2964
Fax: + 44 (0)20 7499 1817
Standard Single from £195 + VAT
The Cavendish London
81 Jermyn Street
London - SW1Y 6JF
Tel: + 44 (0)20 7930 2111
Fax: + 44 (0)20 7839 2125
Standard Single £205 + VAT
The Stafford London
St James's Place
London - SW1A 1NJ
Tel: 020 7518 1125
Fax: 020 7493 7121
Standard Single £235 +VAT
The Savoy London
London - WC2R 0EU
Tel: 020 7836 4343
Fax: 020 7240 6040
Standard Single £250 +VAT