While the number of migrants and refugees has come down from its peak, there are still significant flows of people seeking safety and opportunity in Europe, and risking their lives in the process. Meanwhile, the pressures on some frontline states remain intense, and immigration remains a top concern among European publics. Over the longer term, immigration pressures are only likely to increase given the pace of economic and demographic change, particularly in Africa.
- Is a European-wide consensus on this issue possible? What could a wider political bargain on migration and refugee policy look like?
- How should European leaders address public fears about immigration?
- Does the EU have the right provisions on asylum?
- How can European states and the EU work with source countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, to provide security and opportunity to their citizens?
- What are the risks associated with outsourcing aspects of immigration and asylum to third countries?