Waging Peace in Independent Southern Sudan: the Way Forward
South Sudan is set to become the world's newest country when it declares formal independence on 9 July. In a referendum held in January 2011, 99% of southern Sudanese overwhelmingly voted for independence from the north of Sudan, dividing Africa's biggest country in two. The referendum of independence formed part of an agreement following decades of conflict between the oil rich south and the north. However tensions still remain surrounding oil rich areas straddling northern and southern Sudan.
What role can UNMIS play in helping South Sudan negotiate its path to independence? What measures are in place to ensure a peaceful transition post-independence? And what are the wider impacts of independence in South Sudan for regional security? With a distinguished career in the Nigerian military, and having served in senior posts on UN missions in Lebanon and Sierra Leone, Major General Moses Bisong Obi is well placed to bring his experience to bear on the way forward for securing the peace in the region of Africa's newest nation.