Strengthening the Global Nuclear Security System
Deepti Choubey, Senior Director for Nuclear and Bio-Security, Nuclear Threat Initiative
Chair: Dr Patricia Lewis, Research Director of International Security, Chatham House
Despite the growing importance attached to nuclear security by world leaders, there is still no coherent global system in place for tracking, accounting for, managing, and securing all weapons-usable nuclear materials (e.g. highly enriched uranium and separated plutonium). Instead, there is a patchwork of agreements, guidelines, and multilateral engagement mechanisms that have numerous gaps and limitations, which undermine global security as well as confidence in the effectiveness of the system.
At the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit, world leaders will have an opportunity to strengthen the global nuclear security system and, thereby, diminish the risk that the world's most dangerous materials could be sold on black markets or fall into the hands of terrorists.
Deepti Choubey will consider the following issues:
- What are the characteristics of a strengthened global nuclear security system?
- What actions should states take to animate these characteristics?
- What are potential successor arrangements to the Nuclear Security Summit process?
- What should be done to ensure that the IAEA has the mandate and resources so that its nuclear security role is enhanced and sustainable?