The Battle for Mozambique: The Frelimo-Renamo Struggle, 1977-1992
Stephen A Emerson, Author, The Battle for Mozambique: The Frelimo-Renamo Struggle, 1977-1992
Discussant: Alex Vines, Research Director, Area Studies and International Law; Head, Africa Programme, Chatham House
Chair: Mats Berdal, Professor of Security and Development, King’s College London
Stephen A Emerson will present the key findings of his book The Battle for Mozambique: The Frelimo-Renamo Struggle, 1977-1992 on the Mozambican civil war between the Frelimo government and the Renamo rebels, which left at least one million dead and brought the country to its knees. While the war failed to determine a conclusive victor, Frelimo consolidated its power at the 1994 elections. In the same elections, Renamo won more than 100 seats in the National Assembly and during the 1990s went on to become the largest peacetime opposition party in Africa.
In 2013, Renamo returned to targeted armed violence in central Mozambique, ending a peace accord it had observed for 20 years. This meeting will discuss Renamo’s past and present; its creation, its military successes and failures, the circumstances that led to its disarmament and transformation into a political party, and its role in Mozambique today.