Associate Fellow, International Security
Anita Nilsson

Contact information

+46 18 300 101 (based in Sweden)


Dr. Anita Nilsson started her nuclear career in the Swedish Government structure at the Delegation for Atomic Energy, which later became the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate where she held leadership positions with responsibilities for non-proliferation, international and national safeguards, bilateral nuclear cooperation and export control.

She was in charge of the Swedish programme for nuclear security support to the Newly Independent States and the Baltic States and Coordinator of the Swedish Support Programme to the IAEA.

She joined the International Atomic Energy Agency in 1996 as the Senior Co-ordinator of the Department of Safeguards, where she developed the information review process for international safeguards.

In 2002, she was appointed as Director of the Office of Nuclear Security, responsible for developing and implementing the IAEA´s nuclear security programme.

Since leaving the IAEA in 2011, she leads an international network of experts for worldwide nuclear security implementation, anchored in AN & Associates.

Nilsson is a Master of Science and Doctor of Medicine. She serves as advisor to the Federation of American Scientists and is a Member of the Board of Directors at ISEC Industrial Security.

Areas of expertise

  • International conventions and treaties for non-proliferation and nuclear security and nuclear safety and their implementation

Past experience

2011 - President, AN & Associates LLC
2003 - 11Director, Office of Nuclear Security, IAEA
1996 - 2002Senior Coordinator, Department of Safeguards, IAEA
1991 - 96(Deputy) Director, Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate
1987 - 90General physician, Sala hospital
1986 - 87Physician, University Hospital, Uppsala
1973 - 81Professional staff member at the Delegation for Atomic Energy (later the Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate)