In the last year alone, many countries across the world have suffered deadly terror acts committed on home soil by their own nationals.
Such domestic terrorism presents a unique set of challenges for security services given the difficulties inherent in tracking the movements and actions of a country’s own citizens. Though government and security services have a role to play in identifying and stopping such threats, many policy-makers now advocate that sustainable, longer-term solutions must involve bottom-up approaches: using community and societal resources to prevent the indoctrination of disaffected or vulnerable peoples into violent, faith-based ideologies. Our panel will discuss the degree to which conflicts such as those in Afghanistan and Syria are sustained and exacerbated by religious radicalization and whether in today’s world such extremist beliefs become contagious across regions and beyond conflict zones. What can be done to intervene in the various mechanisms of radicalization and who needs to take the lead?