The reaction to the recent Iran nuclear deal has brought into light questions about the degree to which sanctions work to achieve their own foreign policy aims.
Richard Nephew, Program Director, Economic Statecraft, Sanctions and Energy Markets, Center on Global Energy Policy, Columbia University; White House Director on Iran (2011-13); Deputy Sanctions Coordinator, US Department of State (2013-15)
Baroness Neville-Jones, Chair of the British Joint Intelligence Committee (1993-94); Minister of State for Security and Counterterrorism (2010-11)
Dr Alex Vines OBE, Research Director, Area Studies and International Law; Head, Africa Programme, Chatham House
Though some will point to the Iran deal and argue that economic sanctions have forced the country to the negotiating table, others argue that Iran's economic problems were as much caused by mismanagement as sanctions. Moreover, given such measures disproportionately punish the poorest in a society, some argue that sanctions can ultimately reinforce the regimes that they seek to affect.