Libya suffers from interlinked political, security and economic crises that are weakening state institutions, damaging its economy and facilitating the continued existence of non-state armed groups.

12 April 2018


Tim Eaton, Research Fellow, Middle East and North Africa Programme


Tim Eaton explains why Libya’s dysfunction has enabled the development of a war economy which is dynamic and constantly in flux.

Relative to earlier problems, there were signs of progress on several fronts in 2017: a reduction in human smuggling, a tripling in oil revenues, and increased local action against fuel smuggling. Yet the dynamics that have supported the war economy’s rise remain.