The political, geopolitical and economic implications of the EU–Ukraine Association Agreement (AA) are highly significant. For Ukraine, the agreement provides a potential stimulus for profound and comprehensive reforms of the state and economy.
Kataryna Wolczuk, Associate Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Programme
For the EU, the agreement is a litmus test for its foreign policy at a time when Russia is sparing no efforts to punish Ukraine for seeking closer ties with Europe. Signed in March 2014, the Association Agreement commits Ukraine to broad cooperation with the EU, including policy and regulatory convergence in a wide range of areas.
The pact also contains provisions specific to trade, required to ensure Ukraine’s access to the EU’s single market, covered principally in an economic part of the agreement, the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA).49 The combined AA-DCFTA fully entered into force on 1 September 2017, although the DCFTA started to be provisionally applied in January 2016.