Past event

Conference

The Future of Cities 2011

Centres of innovation for urban solutions

28 Feb 2011 - 00:00 to 2 Mar 2011 - 00:00

Chatham House, London

Cities face many challenges - economic, climate, resources, infrastructure and demographic.

As centres of innovation, can cities produce the solutions they need to tackle them?

As the bulk of the world's population will be in fast-growing large urban areas by 2050, do the powers that cities have need to be re-thought?

Questions of leadership, citizen participation, and where powers should lie will be discussed by leaders from major cities, governments, and businesses, focusing on crucial themes:

  • How can cities' innovative energy be harnessed to drive better urban policies?
  • Do national government policies - on the economy, energy, transport and migration - align well with cities' needs? If not, should decision- making be redistributed?
  • Which issues are best dealt with at city level?
  • What fiscal and financial powers should cities have?

  • Andrew Boraine

    • Chief Executive
  • Dr Fauzi Bowo

    • Governor
  • David Bragdon

    • Director
  • Anthony Browne

    • Mayoral Policy Director for Economic and Business Development
  • Gianni Carbonaro

    • Economic Adviser, Jessica Task Force
  • Jordi William Carnes

    • First Deputy Mayor for the Treasury and Economic Promotion
  • Greg Clark

    • Senior Fellow
  • Rosemary Feenan

    • International Director, Global Research Programmes
  • Baroness Ford

    • Chair
  • Ester Fuchs

    • Professor of Public Affairs and Political Science
  • Herbert Girardet

    • Co-founder and Programme Director
  • Ajit Gulabchand

    • Chairman and Managing Director
  • Dr Johannes Hahn

    • Member of the European Commission for Regional Policy
  • Arif Hasan

    • Chairman
  • Dame Judith Mayhew Jonas DBE

    • Chairman
  • Abha Joshi-Ghani

    • Manager, Urban Development and Local Government
  • Parag Khanna

    • Director, Global Governance Initiative
  • Bernice Lee OBE

    • Research Director, Energy, Environment and Resource Governance
  • David Miller

    • Former Mayor, Toronto and
  • Pedro Miranda

    • Corporate Vice President, Head of Corporate Development, Siemens One
  • Joe Montgomery

    • CEO (Designate)
  • Dr Shi Nan

    • Secretary General
  • Stuart Popham

    • Former Senior Partner, Clifford Chance LLP and
  • Professor Steve Rayner

    • Director, Oxford Programme for the Future of Cities
  • Bridget Rosewell

    • Chairman
  • Sanjeev Sanyal

    • Founder and Managing Trustee
  • Lisa Seftel

    • Executive Director of Transportation
  • Jos Short

    • Founding Partner, Executive Chairman
  • Gu Yang

    • Advisor to the Governor for International Operations

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Day One: Monday 28 February

Session One
Governance: the ideal and the reality

  • What is the link between city or regional self government, economic development, and social conditions?
  • As urban growth increasingly occurs in mega-regions or 'corridors', is a new governance mechanism needed between municipal areas?
  • Which are the good models and what is best practice in city governance? What are the tensions between short-term electoral gain and long-term planning?
  • What are, and should be, the governance relationships between national, regional and city governments? Where should cities lead on policy?

09.30 Chair
Dame Judith Mayhew Jonas DBE
Chairman, New West End Company

Keynote Speakers
Johannes Hahn (on the record)
Member of the European Commission, Commissioner for Regional Policy

Parag Khanna (on the record)
Director, Global Governance Initiative
New America Foundation

10.40 - 11.10 Refreshment break

Session Two
Planning for and Harnessing Urban Populations

Cities are subject to demographic change, sometimes unpredictable and dramatic. How effectively can cities plan for demographic change? What powers do they have to work with their populations strategically?

  • To what extent can cities harness their demographic profiles?
  • What are the links between immigration and urban economic growth?
  • Do urban governments have the capacity and resources to plan for sudden, large-scale climate or political migration?
  • How are shrinking cities best managed?
  • What approaches should urban policymakers take to informal settlements in terms of city planning and economic strategy?
  • Liveability is on the agenda in cities because it attracts investment, but how far does this drill down?

11.10 Chair
Ester Fuchs
Professor of Public Affairs and Political Science
School of International and Public Affairs
Columbia University

Joe Montgomery
Director General
Department of Regions and Communities, UK

Andrew Boraine
Chief Executive
Cape Town Partnership

Sanjeev Sanyal
Founder and Managing Trustee
The Sustainable Planet Institute

11.50 Questions and discussion

12.35 - 13.35 Lunch

Session Three
Urban Planning for Sustainable Infrastructure and Mobility

Compact cities with zero emissions transport systems and renewable energy supplies: how far are metropolitan areas from achieving this ideal vision? To what extent are cities able to lead where governments do not?

  • Are national government policies sufficiently targeted at urban solutions to meet national emissions and sustainability goals?
  • In all urban areas, now is the time to 'lock in' low carbon development. How can this be achieved, particularly to scale?
  • What are the real prospects for integrating alternative energy use into cities in the foreseeable future?
  • What steps are being taken to achieve low carbon urban mobility?
  • To what extent, and how, can urban areas become sites for innovation in technology and governance?
  • How can cities achieve resource security - food, water, power? What are the links between food security and governance?
  • The growth of private cities
  • What are the challenges to making 'sustainable' cities attractive to investors?

13.35 Chair
Bernice Lee OBE
Research Director, Energy, Environment and Resource Governance
Chatham House

Speakers
Dr Shi Nan
Secretary General
Urban Planning Society of China

Ajit Gulabchand
Chairman and Managing Director
Hindustan Construction Company

Professor Steve Rayner
Director, Institute for Science, Innovation and Society
Said Business School

14.20 Questions and discussion

15.00 - 15.40 Refreshment break


15.40 Speakers
Herbert Girardet
Author of Solar Cities

David Bragdon
Director
Mayor's Office of Long Term Planning and Sustainability, New York City

Lisa Seftel
Executive Director of Transportation
City of Joburg

Rosemary Feenan
International Director, Global Research Programmes
Jones Lang LaSalle

Arif Hasan
Chairman
Urban Resource Centre, Karachi

16.40 Questions and discussion

17.30 End of Day One and reception hosted by Chatham House

DAY TWO
Tuesday 1 March

Session Four
Economic Strategy


In a fast-changing global economy, cities are thinking strategically about their economies.

  • Cities compete to attract foreign direct investment. How effective is this in sustaining cities' economies in the long term? What are the alternatives?
  • Are major events effective in boosting city economies in the long term?
  • What innovative policy tools can cities use to promote 'green' growth?
  • How will urban governments respond to resources that have been diminished by financial crisis?
  • Many metropolitan areas aim to boost their economies through specializations. What co-operation with national governments, and with other governments and cities, is needed?
  • What do cities need from national governments to support their economic development? Can governments better harness cities to drive economic recovery?

09.30 Chair
Bridget Rosewell
Chairman
Volterra Consulting

Speakers
Anthony Browne
Adviser for Economic Development
Greater London Authority

David Miller
Former Mayor, Toronto and
Former Chair, C40 Cities

Jordi William Carnes
First Deputy Mayor for the Treasury and Economic Promotion
City Council of Barcelona

Baroness Margaret Ford
Chair, Board
Olympic Park Legacy Company

10.20 Questions and discussion

11.10- 11.40 Refreshment break

Finance and investment panel

  • Do cities have the fiscal and financial powers that they need?
  • Which features of city governance are key to attracting public and private investment?
  • Do cities have the capacity to get the best out of doing business with financial institutions?
  • What innovative financing mechanisms are cities using to fund essential infrastructure?

11.40 Chair and Moderator
Greg Clark
Senior Fellow
Urban Land Institute

Panel
Abha Joshi-Ghani
Manager, Urban Development and Local Government
The World Bank

Gu Yang
Advisor to the Governor for International Operations.
China Development Bank

Gianni Carbonaro
Economic Adviser
Jessica Task Force
European Investment Bank

Mr Jos Short
Executive Chairman
Internos Real Investors

13.00 - 14.00 Lunch

Session Five
Leading Cities into the Next Global Era

High Level Roundtable

  • The role of metropolitan area leadership in addressing challenges
  • What powers do metropolitan leaders need to meet these challenges? What are the best governance structures for cities?
  • It has been shown that leadership is crucial to economic growth in cities. But in order to sustain change, leaders also need to build political consensus and create a culture of entrepreneurial policymaking. How important are creativity and innovation to leadership?
  • How can business contribute to tackling these challenges? Are there opportunities for co-operation, or does the shareholder model preclude this?

14.00 Chair
Stuart Popham
Former Senior Partner, Clifford Chance LLP and
Member, Chatham House Council

Roundtable Speakers
Fauzi Bowo
Mayor
City of Jakarta

Andrew Boraine
Chief Executive
Cape Town Partnership

David Miller
Former Mayor, Toronto and
Former Chair, C40 Cities

Pedro Miranda
Corporate Vice President, Head of Siemens One
Siemens AG

15.30 End of conference and refreshments

© The Royal Institute of International Affairs, 2011