Børge Brende is the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Norway. He was previously Minister of the Environment (2001–04) and Minister of Trade and Industry (2004–05). He was Deputy Chair of the Conservative Party (Høyre) from 1994 to 1998. He was appointed Managing Director of the World Economic Forum in Geneva in 2008 and 2011, serving as Secretary General of Red Cross Norway in between, from 2009 to 2011. He chaired the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (2003–04) and was a member of the China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (an advisory body to the Chinese government) from 2005 to 2013. He has also been Chair of the board in Mesta, Norway’s largest onshore contracting group, and a member of the board of Statoil. He has a degree in economics, law and history from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim.