Bassma Kodmani is the Executive Director of the independent research network the Arab Reform Initiative, and Associate Professor of International Relations at Paris University. She served as senior adviser at the French National Research Council, Senior Research Fellow at CERI-Sciences Po, adviser to the Académie Diplomatique Internationale and Senior Visiting Fellow at the Collège de France. She served as head of the Governance and International Cooperation programme at the Ford Foundation office for the Middle East (1998–2005) and established and directed the Middle East Programme at the Institut Français des Relations Internationales (IFRI) in Paris (1981–98). In 2011–12, she took a leave to serve as Head of Foreign Relations and spokesperson of the opposition Syrian National Council. She is the Co-founder and Treasurer of the NGO Initiative for a New Syria. She holds a PhD in Political Science from Sciences Po. She is a Chevalière de la Légion d’Honneur.