Dr Alex Vines has been Head of the Africa Programme at Chatham House since 2002 and in 2008 became Director for Regional Studies and International Security. In 2012 he was appointed Director for Area Studies and International Law. He is also a Senior Lecturer at Coventry University. He chaired the UN Panel of Experts on Côte d’Ivoire from 2005 to 2007, and was a member of the UN Panel of Experts on Liberia from 2001 to 2003. He was also a member of the Commonwealth Observer Group to Ghana in 2016. He has served as a UN election officer in Mozambique and Angola, and as a consultant for the UN Office on Drugs and Crime and for the Economic Community of West African States. Previously he was Senior Researcher on Business and Human Rights at Human Rights Watch. He was awarded an OBE in 2008 in recognition of his work, including founding and developing Chatham House’s Africa Programme.