Thursday 7 December, 1515 – 1645

Global economic, political and technological trends are driving interest in re-industrializing Europe, albeit in a very different form than that experienced in the 19th and 20th centuries. Increased popularity of protectionist policies in countries that were traditional champions of free trade; greater domestic competition in European export markets; new modes of production – all are making it newly desirable and cost effective to move industry and manufacturing back to Europe. Can Europe’s economy adapt to an era of re-industrialization? What effects will this have on global supply chains? What policies are needed to ensure that jobs are not only adequately paid but guarantee the dignity of those working in radically changed industrial environments?