Thursday 7 December, 1515 – 1645

Russia’s newfound foreign policy assertiveness has highlighted how Northern Europe and the Baltic States are on the front lines of European security, making the area a testing ground for European unity, transatlantic resolve and diplomatic skill. How has the region reacted to this changed security landscape, and what is the potential for further cooperation with non-NATO members such as Finland and Sweden? Will NATO’s diplomatic and political responses and the reinforcement of its eastern flank be enough to reassure its members against Russian military capacities and postures? How well will the EU–NATO 2016 Joint Declaration and its regular reporting mechanisms work to increase European security, and in what time frame?