, Number 5

Fatima Ayub and Sari Kouvo

The US-led post 9/11 'intervention' in Afghanistan was, by definition, not a humanitarian intervention. The intervention in Afghanistan was defined as an act of self-defence by the US and it was one of the first steps in the 'war on terror' by the US and its allies: it had no intention or clear strategies for long-term stabilization, state-building or development. The US-led international coalition failed to 'find' Al-Qaeda in the short term and new arguments had to be made to justify continued international presence.

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