This paper was commissioned by the United Kingdom's Department for International Development (DfID) to help develop an improved understanding across the British government of the challenges posed to peace and security in Mozambique.
The paper looks at:
- The nature, dynamics and causes of conflict in Mozambique, including its structural and institutional features;
- The nature of the political settlement, the way in which it is adapting and its current and likely future impact on poverty reduction in Mozambique;
- The influence of continental, regional and international factors including drug-trafficking and illegal cross-border trade, terrorism and fundamentalism;
- The principal challenges that threaten peace and security in Mozambique, and may undermine the main principles of the constitution and the commitment of the government to multiparty democracy, human rights and the rule of law;
- The current and potential impact of conflict and other threats to peace and security on poverty reduction and achievement of PARPA goals, including on aid modalities;
- The role of external forces, including donor aid modalities, on the factors that influence peace and security in Mozambique; and
- Approaches to conflict prevention, management and resolution, including how the international donor community in Mozambique may best address conflict in planning for development programmes in democratic governance and other areas.