This paper is a summary of the discussions which took place at a roundtable event held at Chatham House on 14 March 2012.
The discussion addressed two challenges Yemen currently faces: the 'Southern question'; and developing a 'national dialogue' process as stipulated by the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) agreement.
Key points that emerged from the event included:
- The 'Southern question' remains a key issue for Yemenis to address, and pro-independence sentiment is on the rise.
- The security situation in the south is acute and deteriorating.
- The Yemeni government needs to take confidence-building measures to bring southerners, and other previously excluded groups, into the national dialogue.
- There remains a lack of clarity over certain aspects of the transition process, including representation in the national dialogue and security-sector reform.
- In order to be successful the national dialogue needs to prioritize inclusive participation.