- Members of the present Russian political elite have powerful motives for adhering to the status quo: their patronage, protection or predation of many businesses damages competition in the economy and enriches them. It is difficult to see how resistance to change of political and business incumbents would be overcome.
- Salvation by liberal insiders - Anatolii Chubais, Aleksei Kudrin and Igor Shuvalov - though possible, does not look very likely in Russia. If the present signs of both a split within the leadership and public discontent became stronger, they would have their parts to play. But in that situation only those who had clearly separated themselves from the authorities would be well-placed to exert much influence.