- Russia's current leadership and President Putin, in particular, are wedded to the idea that the West, and especially the United States, is hostile and purposive in its efforts to undermine Russia. This goes beyond what is politically convenient to the ruling group.
- 'Strategic partnership' with Russia is unachievable, and according to Russia, undesirable at the present moment. The present Russian leadership's deep rooted assumptions preclude the full engagement and mutual trust that would be compatible with such a project. The countries to Russia's west are, in addition, too divided and too limited in their attention to make it possible.
- Over time, Russia will change and so will its rulers. Western countries should beware in the meantime of becoming too associated with any particular Kremlin dispensation.