An employee works on an excavator at storing fuel composed of wood chips to be used for the UEM (Usine d’Electricité de Metz) biomass plant in Metz, eastern France. Photo: Jean-Christophe Verhaegen/AFP/Getty Images.
Research paper

The Impacts of the Demand for Woody Biomass for Power and Heat on Climate and Forests

23 February 2017
Although most renewable energy policy frameworks treat biomass as carbon-neutral at the point of combustion, biomass emits more carbon per unit of energy than most fossil fuels. 
Biomass power station. Photo: Universal Images Group via Getty Images.
Research paper

Woody Biomass for Power and Heat: Impacts on the Global Climate

23 February 2017
Current biomass policy frameworks are not fit for purpose and require substantial changes to ensure they contribute to mitigating climate change rather than exacerbating it.
Thousands of protesters with placards take part in a demonstration against US President Donald Trump on Whitehall, 4 February 2017, in London. Photo: Jack Taylor/Getty Images.
Conference Paper

Challenge and Uncertainty in a Volatile World: Japan–UK Responses

17 February 2017
This paper brings together a summary of discussions at the fourth seminar in the UK–Japan Global Seminar Series with two essays on globalization and the nation-state.
An Iraqi refugee boy, who fled the city of Mosul because of fighting between government forces and ISIS, at the UN-run al-Hol refugee camp in Syria’s Hasakeh governorate on 5 December 2016. Photo: Delis Souleiman/Getty Images.
Research paper

Humanitarian Action and Non-state Armed Groups: The UK Regulatory Environment

17 February 2017
The UK government needs to adopt a clear, unified approach to reconciling its humanitarian and counterterrorism priorities.
Nicola Sturgeon hosts the 26th annual British-Irish Council summit. Photo: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images.
Research paper

Devolved External Affairs: The Impact of Brexit

9 February 2017
Brexit will have significant political and institutional implications for the external affairs of the devolved administrations of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Internally displaced Pakistani children whose families fled a military operation against Taliban militants in the North Waziristan tribal agency queue for food near a camp for IDPs in Bannu, 6 September 2014. Photo: KARIM ULLAH/AFP/Getty Images.
Research paper

Humanitarian Action and Non-state Armed Groups: The International Legal Framework

2 February 2017
The UN Security Council should be encouraged to systematically include humanitarian exemption clauses in sanctions regimes, as this is the best way of ensuring they are replicated in national law.
The Great Hall of the People during the closing ceremony of China's National People's Congress on 15 March 2015 in Beijing, China. Photo: VCG/VCG via Getty Images.
Research paper

The Critical Transition: China’s Priorities for 2021

2 February 2017
This paper sets out the core issues for the Xi leadership, and focuses on what these might mean for the UK, particularly in the post-Brexit world and with the election of Donald Trump as US president.
Unmanned aerial vehicle Wing Loong on display during the 11th China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition at Zhuhai Airshow Center on 2 November 2016 in Zhuhai, China. Photo VCG/VCG via Getty Images.
Research paper

Transatlantic Rifts: Managing the Use of Autonomous Weapons Systems

1 February 2017
Based on a scenario exercise in which China becomes the first country to use autonomous weapons against an adversary – Vietnam – this paper finds that while this did not cause a significant rift between the US and Europe, differing approaches might lead to further divisions in the future.
A robot successfully opens a door during the finals of the DARPA Robotics Challenge, where teams vie to develop robots capable of assisting humans in responding to disasters, in California on 5 June 2015. Photo: MARK RALSTON/AFP/Getty Images.
Research paper

Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Warfare

26 January 2017
The impact of the rapid expansion of the commercial market on autonomous systems development cannot be overstated.
President-elect Donald Trump arrives to speak at the Giant Center on 15 December 2016 in Hershey, Pennsylvania. Photo: DON EMMERT/AFP/Getty Images.
Chatham House Report

America’s International Role Under Donald Trump

18 January 2017
Trump’s personality and style – brash, unpredictable, contradictory and thin-skinned – promises to have a meaningful impact on his engagement in foreign affairs.