Chatham House research on Pakistan includes work on domestic politics, foreign policy and Pakistan's relationship with Afghanistan.

Renewable water resources have fallen dramatically on a per capita basis since the 1960s. India hit the ‘water stress’ mark around a decade ago, Pakistan slightly earlier. Groundwater is fast depleting in Pakistan, and there are few feasible options for increasing supply.

Management and governance of water have not adapted to the escalating pressures of demography – the outlook under current trends is for greater competition over water between agriculture, urban centres and industry, and between countries which share rivers.

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