Chatham House research on South Asia covers Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Areas of interest include human rights in Sri Lanka, attitudes to water in the region and the status and rights of women.
Discussion about water in South Asia – in particular the shared rivers of the region – is vociferous, antagonistic and increasingly associated with national security.
Renewable water resources in the region have fallen dramatically on a per capita basis since the 1960s. India hit the ‘water stress’ mark around a decade ago, Pakistan slightly earlier. Groundwater is fast depleting in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, and there are few feasible options for increasing supply.