Chatham House research on human rights law and armed conflict includes international law and the classification of armed conflicts, and tackling war crimes.
Although the relationship between international human rights law and the law of armed conflict has been the subject of significant recent academic discussion, there remains a lack of comprehensive guidance in identifying the law applicable to specific situations faced by military forces.
Key areas of focus for our analysts include the need for greater transparency in modern armed conflicts which are increasingly undertaken in coalition, with states lending airbases, cooperating on drone operations and giving each other intelligence information, especially in counterterrorism operations.
Our analysts also tackle options for strengthening compliance with humanitarian law, as often it is not the absence of law that causes civilian casualties, destruction and displacement during armed conflict, but flagrant breaches of the most fundamental rules of international humanitarian law.
A major programmatic focus of this work for Chatham House is carried out by the International Law Programme and its projects.