This limited approach to policy and practice means energy needs are met both inadequately and inefficiently, with poor use of the most effective or carbon-efficient interventions, and growing security risks to overall infrastructure..

An increasingly pervasive security threat is the exploitation of cyber vulnerabilities, especially in the nuclear industry. Dependence on cyberspace is increasing for nuclear energy production plants, which rely on computer networks for most internal processes.

Many plants are connected to external networks, and there are a variety of ways in which a malicious actor could create a major security incident.