Professor Mary L. ‘Missy’ Cummings is the director of the Humans and Autonomy Laboratory at Duke University. She received her bachelor’s degree in mathematics from the US Naval Academy in 1988, her master’s in space systems engineering from the Naval Postgraduate School in 1994, and her PhD in systems engineering from the University of Virginia in 2004. A naval officer and military pilot from 1988–99, she was one of the US Navy’s first female fighter pilots. She is currently a professor in the Duke University Electrical and Computer Engineering and Computer Science departments. She is also a member of the US Department of Transportation’s advisory committee on autonomous transportation, a fellow of the American Institute for Aeronautics and Astronautics, and a member of the board of directors of Veoneer, Inc. Her research interests include human supervisory control, human–unmanned vehicle interaction, human–autonomous systems collaboration, human–robot interaction, human systems engineering, and the ethical and social impact of technology.
The author would like to thank the many sponsors of her research that helped to inform this work, including the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research, NASA, and the US Army and Air Force.
Dr Heather Roff is currently a senior research fellow in the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford, a research scientist in the Global Security Initiative at Arizona State University, and has held faculty positions at the Korbel School of International Studies at the University of Denver, the University of Waterloo, and the United States Air Force Academy. She is also an associate research fellow at the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence at the University of Cambridge, a research fellow at New America in the Cybersecurity Initiative and the Future of War Project. Her research interests include the law, policy and ethics of emerging military technologies, such as autonomous weapons, artificial intelligence, robotics and cyber, as well as international security and human rights protection.
The author would like to thank the many sponsors of her research that helped to inform this piece, including the Future of Life Foundation, the government of Canada, and Google DeepMind.
Kenneth Cukier is a senior editor at The Economist, and host of its weekly podcast on technology. He is the co-author, with Viktor Mayer-Schönberger, of Big Data: A Revolution That Transforms How We Live, Work, and Think (2013). He is an associate fellow at Saïd Business School, University of Oxford, researching artificial intelligence. Previously, he was a foreign correspondent for two decades in Europe, Asia and America. He was a research fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government in 2002–04. He is a board director of The Open String, a member of the Chatham House Council, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He is a frequent commentator in the media and keynote speaker on AI.
The author would like to thank his colleagues at The Economist, whose coverage and conversation nurtured many of the ideas in his chapter for this report. Thanks are also due to the University of Oxford’s Saïd Business School, where he is an associate fellow.
Dr Jacob Parakilas is the deputy head of the US and the Americas Programme at Chatham House. He previously worked as head of weapons at Action on Armed Violence, a London-based NGO working on armed violence reduction worldwide. His academic research has covered nuclear weapons, violent non-state actors in the Middle East, and drug violence and the arms trade in Mexico. He has also worked at the World Security Institute, the Arms Control Association and the US Department of Homeland Security.
Hannah Bryce was formerly assistant head of the International Security Department (ISD) at Chatham House, and worked on the secretariat of the Global Commission on Internet Governance. Her areas of research included human security (particularly related to explosive weapons), the role of women in the military, cybersecurity and its policy implications, and the impact and effectiveness of the humanitarian sector, particularly the UN. She is co-editor of the Journal of Cyber Policy.
The authors would like to thank the many peer reviewers who reviewed parts and all of this report, and whose expertise and comments have informed, enhanced and helped shape this final version. They also thank the Chatham House Director’s Research and Innovation Fund, which provided the basis for funding the report. The authors are grateful to all the Chatham House staff who have supported the development and production of this report, including Henry Dodd, Patricia Lewis, Jo Maher, Kitty McKendrick, Courtney Rice, Mike Tsang and Xenia Wickett.