The rate of return on foreign investment is higher in Africa than in any other developing region, and the continent is fast developing its commercial future. In the 21st century, the rate of real GDP has risen at more than twice its pace in the 1980s and 1990s, as industries such as construction, telecommunications, banking, and retail have all grown significantly.

Investors continue to face different challenges across the continent, including environmental pressures, social protest, conflict and insecurity. But emerging pan-African economic initiatives such as the African Continental Free Trade Area are working to support the creation of a market greater than Brazil or India, and the continent’s economy is among the most rapidly growing of the world’s regions.