Major issues currently for US domestic policy include gun control and firearms ownership, surveillance operations within the country as a counterterrorism measure, social security, welfare and healthcare, as well as immigration and drugs enforcement.

The actions of the president also have a major impact on US domestic policy, especially in terms of the law and the economy. And presidential responsibilities such as setting the annual federal budget, proposing tax increases or cuts, and influencing foreign trade policy help determine how much money is available for US domestic programmes.