Central Africa comprises various countries such as Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Rwanda.

The main economic activities of the region are farming, herding and fishing. But at least 40% of the rural population of northern and eastern Central Africa lives in poverty and routinely face chronic food shortages.

However, oil is also a major export of the countries of northern and eastern Central Africa, notably making up a large proportion of the GDPs of Chad and South Sudan.

Countries within central Africa are also included in the Great Lakes region, along with others such as Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. This region has in recent decades been heavily marred by civil war and conflict.