More needs to be done in peace operations to adequately address the drivers and root causes of conflict - in particular, building a basic foundation for a sustainable system of governance and security based on the principles of the rule of law.

Providing a bridge between post-conflict stabilization and long-term development can help sustain peace, but the challenge of meeting the humanitarian needs of people affected by conflict in areas controlled by non-state armed groups (NSAGs) is growing in complexity.

Maritime security is also a major focus, examining challenges in areas such as the Gulf of Guinea, the Asia-Pacific and the South China Sea; as well as piracy, maritime crime and regional cooperation. 

There is no global best practice in maritime governance, but the European experience with the Arctic Council and other cooperative mechanisms provides a rich set of practices for consideration, as do contributions from non-state actors such as fisheries groups and scientific communities.