Key areas of research analysis and commentary include the national, regional and global impact of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, and China's relations with other global powers, with a special focus on trade tensions with the United States.

Economic power and influence is shifting both globally and regionally, and the EU-China 2025 project focuses on the how the major economic relationship between the EU and China will develop over the coming decade.

China has also come to play a leading role internationally on technology governance and, along with other regional powers such as India and Japan, is developing infrastructure and hardware to become a major international player.

A major research focus at Chatham House is the China and the Future of the International Legal Order project, tracking the steps being taken by China to realize its goal of becoming a normative power.