The Korean peninsula remains one of the most dramatic locations in world geopolitics, affecting peace and security in the wider region, and also acting as a bellweather for relationships between major global powers.

North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programmes remain a major concern and its most important ally China has helped enforce strict sanctions in an attempt to restrict the threat it poses. The North Korea regime appears to prefer the status quo to the instability that would likely follow radical change.

Chatham House research also considers the role played by other significant regional actors, such as China, Japan, South Korea, and Australia, and examines how European powers should invest further resources in developing their own economic and security relationships in the region to decrease the risk of war.

US policy is also vitally important with each US administration’s choices on its economic, diplomatic and military approach towards North Korea and the wider region having a major influence on peace and security.