Agriculture and food

Examining the changing nature of farming and food production, the food trade, risks in the supply chain, and the impact of diet on climate change.

Policymakers are being urged to mitigate the risk of severe disruption at certain ports, maritime straits, and inland transport routes, which could have devastating knock-on effects for global food security.

Environmental costs of food production are very high, with agriculture a key driver of water scarcity. Irrigation accounts for approximately 70 per cent of freshwater withdrawals around the world – up to 90 per cent in some low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Food production is also responsible for 30 per cent of greenhouse gas emissions. These impacts are unsustainable.