China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)

The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an immensely ambitious development campaign to boost trade and stimulate economic growth across Asia and beyond.

China’s expansive connectivity vision, the Belt and Road Initiative, aimed to connect countries around the globe. There were plans for pipelines and a port in Pakistan, bridges in Bangladesh and railways to Russia - all with the aim of creating what China calls a “modern Silk Road” trading route to kick start a new era of globalization.

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted China’s ability, and willingness, to continue to pour financial resources into high-risk infrastructure projects. Chatham House’s work assesses China’s foreign economic engagement as well as analyses how these initiatives will be impacted by greater geopolitical competition and economic recovery post-COVID-19.