Ensuring accountability and justice for some of the most serious crimes, such as genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, torture, and enforced disappearances is often hard to enforce due to a lack of political will to investigate crimes and prosecute those responsible, weak criminal justice systems, and the marginalization of victims in society.

Failure to hold perpetrators to account often means they can continue to hold positions in which they can commit violations or prevent accountability, and few efforts are made to establish the truth or take steps to ensure crimes are not repeated.

Supporting international justice mechanisms such as the International Criminal Court (ICC) can ensure crimes are properly investigated, perpetrators brought to justice, and victims receive reparations.