Key areas of research on the Horn of Africa include work supporting the emergence of more stable political and governance transitions, as well as greater integration.
Research on transnational conflict also seeks to analyse how local conflicts connect to wider cross-border dynamics through supply chains, and how policy interventions should address this.
Countries across the Horn of Africa face marked turbulence in their political transitions, while civilians are seeking to embed more representative and decentralized governance structures.
Populations are suffering from the impacts of regional climate change and drought, which when connected with conflict and instability, exacerbates food insecurity, displacement, and hardship.
While local cross-border ties remain strong in many areas, mutual suspicion and competition between states continue to limit regional frameworks and economic integration, stunting the capacity for collective responses to regional development and governance challenges.