This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the author and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.
Chatham House is part of a consortium, coordinated by B&S Europe, implementing the EU Policy & Outreach Partnership in the United States.
The author would like to thank the Delegation of the European Union to the United States for the provision of financial support and advice. The author would also like to express appreciation to the many experts in SSA/STM who provided valuable contributions as well as the speakers and attendees at conferences and workshops for their presentations and discussions that assisted with the research. Thanks also to the two anonymous peer reviewers for their comments and suggestions on earlier drafts of this paper. The author is grateful to the International Security Department at Chatham House, in particular to Patricia Lewis for her advice and feedback on earlier drafts and to Calum Inverarity for his support throughout the project.