In Venezuela, as around the world, the provision of reliable and affordable electric power is essential for the availability of vital humanitarian services such as healthcare and water supply, as well as enabling public transport, education services and the smooth functioning of the economy.
Decisions dating back two decades have brought about a dramatic decline in the generating capacity and reliability of the Venezuelan electricity system. Progressively worse blackouts since 2010 culminated in a week-long outage in early 2019. Load-shedding has been used to ration power supplies, further damaging infrastructure.
This research paper examines the root causes of the power crisis in Venezuela in the context of the steady collapse of the state in the country, to provide a series of recommendations concerning rebuilding versus replacing existing infrastructure and priorities in Venezuela’s critical energy transition. It urges the engagement of principal stakeholders in a broad, transparent dialogue to launch the reform of the electricity sector in distinct, coordinated phases. Given political will, primacy should be given to meeting the country’s acute humanitarian needs, with an ongoing focus on sustainable, locally based generation solutions.