This research paper is a joint project undertaken by the Energy, Environment and Resources Department and the Europe Programme at Chatham House, with funding from Chatham House’s Director’s Research Innovation Fund.
Special thanks are due to Rob Bailey and Thomas Raines from Chatham House for their advice and comments. Our thanks also to the two anonymous peer reviewers and to Chatham House’s editors, Jake Statham, Jo Maher and Mike Tsang, for their helpful edits and suggestions. The authors would also like to thank Owen Grafham, Isadora Fernandes Ferreira, Catherine Hampton, Rose Abdollahzadeh and Laura Dunkley from Chatham House for their help and assistance throughout the project.
Finally, Chatham House would like to thank the various workshop participants and interviewees who have assisted in the shaping and content of this paper.