Mozambique's President Filipe Nyusi (pictured centre, left) and RENAMO leader Ossufo Momade (centre, right) embrace after signing a ceasefire agreement in Maputo, Mozambique, on 6 August 2019, aimed at formally ending decades of military hostilities. Photo: Getty Images.
Mozambique's President Filipe Nyusi (pictured centre, left) and RENAMO leader Ossufo Momade (centre, right) embrace after signing a ceasefire agreement in Maputo, Mozambique, on 6 August 2019, aimed at formally ending decades of military hostilities. Photo: Getty Images.
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Summary

  • A newly agreed deal could end 42 years of armed contest between the Mozambique Liberation Front-led government (FRELIMO) and the armed opposition party Mozambican National Resistance (RENAMO). The agreement, due to be signed in August, is the third attempt and if it is to last, it will require political good will, compromise and an acceptance of more inclusive national politics by both parties.
  • The forthcoming 15 October 2019 elections and their conduct could make or break this new elite bargain. International monitoring of these elections and support for national oversight efforts are critical to this process.
  • A lasting agreement is in the national interest. It would mean that a new Mozambican government formed after the national elections can focus on gas industry development, improving services, poverty reduction and combating new security challenges, such as growing violent Islamic radicalism in Cabo Delgado.
  • The new elite bargain requires continued international and domestic engagement. It attempts to encourage alternative peaceful livelihood opportunities through training of RENAMO’s past and current armed militia. This should help RENAMO to gradually disarm its militant wing if post-election confidence grows.
  • The newly created post of Personal Envoy for Mozambique by the UN Secretary-General is an important development to provide support, coordination and leadership for international peace partnerships.