This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the author and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.
Chatham House is part of a consortium, coordinated by B&S Europe, implementing the EU Policy & Outreach Partnership in the United States.
The author would like to thank Charlotte Altenhoener-Dion, Kamel Ajji, Jennifer Daskal, Anastasia Denisova, Brendan Fischer, Elliot Higgins, Erica Lutes, Raegan MacDonald, Alexios Mantzarlis, Martin Moore, Paul Nemitz, Nikos Sarris, Jon Steinberg, Tina Zournatzi, as well as US, EU and NATO officials who assisted in the production of this research paper with information on background or non-attributed comments.
Thanks are due to Peter Fatelnig, Timothy Rivera, Maria Belovas and the rest of the team at the EU Delegation in the US for their comments on earlier drafts of this paper, the two anonymous peer reviewers, as well as Dr Patricia Lewis, Calum Inverarity and colleagues at Chatham House and the International Security Department for their valuable assistance.